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Journal of Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialties

 Welcome to the online home of the Journal of Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialties

Welcome Message

Welcome to the home of the Journal of Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialties (JKBMS). The JKBMS was established in 2015 and has been published under the Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialty. In the first year, we started with one issue a year, which later increased to 2 in 2017 and planning to be at least 4 issues per year with more than 50 articles in the future. The articles are covering all aspects of medicine and healthcare. These are selected by our committed Editorial Board. We are planning to publish a wide range of articles, including original research, case reports, and preliminary studies. We also publish editorials and letters intended to inform and spark debate about key medical issues. We now offer our authors and readers the opportunity to access articles before they are published in print with our Ahead-of-Print facility. On behalf of the entire JKBMS team, thank you for visiting the online home of the JKBMS. We hope you will find this site to be a helpful resource. Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions, concerns, or comments you have.


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For Authors


The Journal of Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialties (JKBMS) is a peer reviewed journal of Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialties. It is published biannually. It welcomes contributions on new medical subjects from all parts of the world. Articles on clinical, basic scientific or laboratory investigations of relevance to medicine and dentistry come within the scope of its publication. Original articles, case reports, brief communications and letters to the editor are all considered. Submitted material is received for evaluation and editing on the understanding that it has neither been published previously, nor it will (if accepted) be submitted for publication elsewhere.

Ethical consideration:

When human investigations or animal experiments are part of the study, the work design has to be approved by a local ethics committee. Author(s) must submit a statement of approval on the ethical aspect of their research.

Preparation of the manuscript:

Manuscripts should conform the JKBMS style. The paper should be typewritten or printed, in 1.5 spacing on A4 papers (21x29.7cm) with a margin of at least 3cm above and bottom and 2cm on the sides of the pages. Typing is with the Times New Roman font as follows:

1- Font (size 16) bold for the title of the article.2- Font (size 14) bold for the main headings. 3- Font (size 12) bold for any subheading.4- Font (size 12) for the text of all the article, Tables and legends (Figures). 

No part of the text other than abbreviations and/or subtitles shall be written in capital letters. Header/foot notes, end notes, lines drawn to separate the paragraphs or pages etc. are not acceptable. The manuscript and illustrations should be submitted online to the Editor in-Chief to the following email address ( and must not exceed maximum of ten pages (excluding the title page). The author(s) should give a signed consent for publication.

The article structure:

 Articles should be set out as follows, each section beginning on a separate page:-

Title page: should give the information on title of article, initials and name of each author and the department and institution where the work was done. Please identify the corresponding author who will track the progress of the manuscript with JKBMS staff. - Abstract page; should include a brief statement about each of the main sections of the article (background and objectives, methods, results and conclusions). It should not exceed 250 words.

Text page(s): should include: Introduction; Patients and Methods or Materials and Methods; Structured Results; Discussion; Conclusions; and Acknowledgment (if any).

Reference page(s): All authors are responsible for the accuracy of their references. When quoted in the text they should include the author's name, year of publication the volume and the page. If more than six authors, only the name of the first three authors plus et al. should be quoted. The list of references should be in the same order of their appearance in the text (Vancouver style).The JKBMS reference sequence should be observed; name(s); initials; title of paper; name of journal as mentioned in Index Medicus; year; volume, first and last page number.Reference to periodicals, books, book chapters and web links should be set out as in the following examples:


1. Yang Z, Krasniei N, Lüscher TF. Endothelin-1 potentiates human smooth muscle cell growth to PDGF: effects of ETA and ETB receptor blockade. Circulation. 1999; 100: 5–8.

2. Bauer M, Wilkens H, Langer F, et al. Selective upregulation of endothelin B receptor gene expression in severe pulmonary hypertension. Circulation. 2002; 105: 1034–1036.

Books: Blackledge A, Creese A. Multilingualism: a critical perspective, Continuum, London, New York, 2010.

Book chapters: Philips SJ, Whisnam JP, Hypertension and stroke, In: Laragh JH, Bremner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management.2nd ed. New York: Raveen Press; 1995.pp465-478.

Web links: Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency 2013, The Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, Canberra, viewed 24 January 2013, <>

Tables: each table should be placed accordingly in results and numbered in Arabic numerals. They should be preceded by short description of the most important findings in the tables.

Illustrations: photographs and radiographs should be submitted in half-plate prints (17x11cm). All figures should be unmounted. Arabic numerals should be given to number the illustrations. Illustrations in colors should not be submitted unless the author is willing to cover the cost.

Case Report:

Should not exceed 600 words, 3 illustrations and 3-4 references. The section should be: Case Report; Comment and References.

Submission of a manuscript:

All editorial communications should be addressed to:

Editor in-Chief of JKBMS

P.O.Box 0845/32, Ziraa square, 

KBMS, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Tel: 000964-662646881





Aims and scope          Information for subscribers         Authorship criteria          Ethical considerations        Copyright and photocopying

  1. Aims and scope

    JKBMS is a peer reviewed journal of Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialties. It is published biannually. It welcomes contributions on new medical subjects from doctors, researchers and other health professionals by publishing a wide range of peer-reviewed articles. Articles on clinical, basic scientific or laboratory investigations of relevance to medicine and dentistry come within the scope of its publication. Original articles, case reports, brief communications and letters to the editor are all considered. Our background is solidly grounded in publishing a high degree of articles covering all aspects of medicine.

  2. Information for subscribers

    JKBMS is published 2 times a year by KBMS. It is distributed free to all medical doctors and allied health professionals in various institutions locally and internationally.

    Charges: There is a pre-acceptance Submission fee for subscribers of the JKBS journal. For subscribing any article, the JKBMS may charge a fee of ID 250,000 ($200) at the time of manuscript submission to help to fund editorial and peer review administration.

  3. Authorship criteria

    Each author must contribute a significant segment and should take responsibility for the content and authenticity of the work as a whole. Authors must clearly state their responsibilities, contribution and financial sources. Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence after submission will be by email.

  4. Ethical considerations

    In all experiments and studies on humans or animals, authors must state whether formal approval from an Ethics Committee was obtained in the Methods section of the manuscript. In the absence of such committee, the Declaration of Helsinki guidelines must be followed and be clearly stated. All studies on human subjects must include a statement that the subjects gave informed consent. Patient anonymity should be protected. Photographs need to be cropped to prevent human subjects being recognized. Experiments involving animals must be demonstrated to be ethically acceptable and should conform to national guidelines for animal usage in research.

  5. Copyright and photocopying
    Published manuscripts become the permanent property of KBMS. This open access journal is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License (CC-BY-NC), permitting non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


      Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Saleem Saaed Qader

      Editorial Assistants: Prof.Ali Fakhri Al-Zubaidee (Dental)

      Associate Editor: Ass.Prof.Sherzad Ali Ismael


      Ass.Prof.Sinan Butrus (Scientific Editor)

      Ass.Prof. Sherzad Ali Ismael (Statistics Editor) 

      Hana Hawar Abdulfattah (Technical Editor)

      Almarwa Malik Ali (Technical Editor)


      Prof. Saeed Nadhim Younis

      Prof. Abdulkarim Abdulwahab

      Prof. Namir Altaweel

      Prof. Saleh Ahmed Tawfique

      Ass.Prof. Las Hwaizi

      Ass.Prof. Hussein Tayb

      Ass.Prof. Aryana Khalis Jawad

      Saman S. Abdullah, Consultant Pathologist

      Shakawan M. Ismaeel, Consultant Physician


      Prof. Nazar Mohammed M.Amin

      Prof. Farook Hassan Faraj

      Prof. Tariq Al-Hadithi

      Prof. Smeer Hassan Abood

      Prof. Nasir Alawai

      Prof. Mohammed Omer

      Prof. Shanaz Abdulla

      Ass.Prof. Mayada Shamddin

      Jamal Ghafoor, Consultant Surgeon



    The JKBMS expects that the articles it publishes will not have been published or released elsewhere before they are published in the JKBMS. This allows time for the independent peer review of scientific findings before it is available to the public and protects the originality of content. Authors should also not release the details of their findings to the mass media before their work can is peer reviewed and published.


    The JKBMS uses a peer-review process to evaluate manuscripts for scientific accuracy, novelty, and importance. The careful editing process often requires extensive revisions and assures detailed checking for accuracy. Authors will be responsible for checking the accuracy of the final edit. 
    All submitted manuscripts are read by the Editor-in-chief and at least one other board member. Only those papers that seem most likely to meet our editorial criteria are sent for formal review. Those papers judged by the Board Members to be of insufficient general interest or otherwise inappropriate are rejected without external review.

    Manuscripts judged to be of potential interest to our readership are sent for formal review, typically to two or three reviewers. The editors then make a decision based on the reviewers' advice, from several possibilities:

  • Accept for publication without alteration.
  • Accept after revision/extensive revision. Authors are invited to revise their manuscript to address specific concerns before a final decision is reached.
  • Reject, but indicate to the authors that further work might justify a resubmission.
  • Reject outright, typically on grounds of relevance, lack of novelty, or major technical and/or interpretational problems.

Reviewers are welcome to recommend a particular course of action, but they will be considered along with other reviewers who may have different technical expertise and/or views. Typically, the Board Members make decisions based on conflicting advice and their understanding of the research. It can be the case that we do not always follow the recommendations of reviewers. We do not send details of the final decision to reviewers.

We do not edit reviewers' reports; any comments that were intended for the authors are transmitted. Therefore, we asked that reviewers remain respectful in their comments avoiding statements that may cause needless offense.


    Manuscripts will be edited for brevity, clarity, grammar, spelling, and style. When the editing is extensive, with the possibility of altered meaning, queries are sent to the corresponding author by email. When a manuscript has been edited and prepared for publication, these will be sent to the author along with any final queries from the Copy Editor. Authors are expected to check the proof carefully, paying particular attention to the accuracy of equations, tables, illustrations, other numerical matter and references (which have been corrected for style but not checked for accuracy, which remains the responsibility of the author), and answer any queries. With page proofs, we request that the authors make the least possible alterations other than corrections of errors, and wherever a change is essential, only substituting as few words as possible occupying an approximately equal amount of space. If no corrections are received, the Editors reserve the right to correct the proof themselves. Equally, the Editors reserve the right to dismiss any changes that do not follow JKBMS style or introduce errors in language. Corrections are generally not made to a manuscript once it has been published unless there is a significant error.


    The Editorial Board is a group of individuals committed to helping the JKBMS produce an excellent multidisciplinary scientific publication of the highest quality. The editor-in-chief appoints editorial Board members. The editorial board is made up of an interdisciplinary mix from a wide range of disciplines. The main responsibilities of editorial board members are to provide strategic and operational advice (unsolicited, as well as in editorial board meetings) and to guide papers in their area of expertise through the peer-review process.

    Any manuscript submitted by an Editorial Board member will be treated in the same manner as any other manuscripts with both the Editorial Board member and reviewers blinded to one another in the review process.


    Material submitted to the JKBMS journals must not be discussed with the media, except in the case of accepted contributions, which can be discussed with the media only once published. Authors that are contacted by the media about any JKBMS should ask that the JKBMS is credited in any news stories.


    The JKBMS Editorial Board and publication staff keep all information about a submitted manuscript confidential and limited to those involved in the evaluation, review and publication process. The JKBMS used a double-blind review process so that authors’ names and affiliations are not revealed to reviewers nor are reviewers’ names revealed to authors. Only information on accepted articles is archived for future reference


    According to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), as revised in 2013, authorship credit should be based on the following 4 criteria: 

  • substantial contributions to conception or design of the work, or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; and
  • drafting of the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
  • final approval of the version to be published; and
  • agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged.

All authors (ie, the corresponding author and each coauthor) must read, complete, and submit an electronic Authorship Form with signed statements on Authorship Responsibility, Criteria, and Contributions and Confirmation of Reporting Conflicts of Interest and Funding.


    ©2015 All rights reserved to JKBMS. All articles published represent the opinions of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of the journal. This open access journal is distributed under the terms of Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialty, permitting non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Published manuscripts become the permanent property of Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialty and may not be published elsewhere.


    A conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author’s institution or employer) has financial or personal relationships or affiliations that could influence (or bias) the author’s decisions, work, or manuscript. All authors are required to complete and submit the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest: This form will be requested after a manuscript has been submitted, but authors should also include conflict of interest disclosures in the Disclosure section of the manuscript. Authors are expected to provide detailed information about all relevant financial interests, activities, relationships, and affiliations. Peer-reviewers are also expected to declare any conflicts of interest as part of their review.


    For all manuscripts reporting data from studies involving human participants, formal review and approval, or formal review and waiver, by an appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee is required and should be described in the Methods section. Such studies must also be in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (revised in 2008). For investigations of humans, state in the Methods section the manner in which informed consent was obtained from the study participants (ie, oral or written) and whether participants received a stipend. Editors may request that authors provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study.


The JKBMS uses the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) definition of scientific misconduct as described below: 

  • Falsifying data: fabrication of data, selective reporting or omission, suppression or distortion of data. 
  • Plagiarism: using the published or unpublished language, ideas or thoughts of another writer without crediting the source and presenting them as one’s own. Plagiarism includes duplicate publication (publication of an article in more than one journal or in another language).
  • Authorship issues: exclusion of involved researchers or inclusion of researchers who have not contributed to the work or publication without permission from all authors. 
  • Violation of generally accepted research practice: including manipulating experiments/statistics to get biased results or improper reporting of results. 
  • Failure to follow legal requirements: violating local regulations and laws involving the use of funds, care of human subjects, investigational drugs, recombinant products, new devices or radioactive, biological or chemical materials.
  • Inappropriate behavior in cases of misconduct: including false accusations of misconduct; failure to report misconduct; not providing relevant information in a misconduct claim and retaliation against people claiming or investigating misconduct.

All allegations of misconduct will be referred to the Editor-In-Chief. Authors will be contacted in writing with any concerns and asked to state their case and explain the circumstances. Until a decision about the manuscript is reached, work on the manuscript will be stopped. The Editor-in-Chief will make a final decision on the handling of the manuscript.

Journals' Indexing services:

Journal impact factor online search

 Scopus search


Journals with DOI (Look for the name of the publisher first, then find the journal)

Beall's list of predatory publishers

Beall's list of predatory standalone journals

Contact Us:

Ass. Prof. Dr.Sinan Butrus Garabet (Scientific editor)


Phone no.: 0662644114

Ass. Prof. Dr.Sherzad Ali Ismael (Associate editor)


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