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The establishment of Kurdistan Board of Medical Specialties (KBMS) was recommended in 2001 by a Higher Education Conference held in Erbil and attended by delegates from Kurdistan Region Universities namely Salahaddin, Sulaimaniah and Duhok. In 2004, the draft of law for establishment of KBMS was raised to Kurdistan National Assembly in Iraq and endorsed on 25th June, 2008. The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MOHESR) in Kurdistan Region (KR) in accordance to the Constitution and the Education Law is enacted Article 6 Law No. 10 in 2008 to establish KBMS as one of its institution and formally commenced its operation in 22th Feb., 2009.